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Preventing mother-to-child transmission of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B

Time: 2018-06-22 09 : 08Source : Unknown
Preventing mother-to-child transmission of AIDS, syphilis, and hepatitis B is a major national public health project and an important measure of caring for women and children. It has reduced the maternal mortality rate and under-five mortality rate, improved the quality of the birth population, and promoted the health of women and children. Great significance.
In 2015, China launched a comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child transmission of AIDS, syphilis, and hepatitis B, and strived to be the first to achieve "zero AIDS" among children and eliminate new infections in children.
What is AIDS?
The full name of AIDS is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, which is a highly harmful infectious disease caused by the HIV virus. It targets the most important CD4T lymphocytes in the human immune system as the main target of attack , A large number of damage to the cells, making the body lose its immune function. Therefore, infected people are susceptible to various diseases, and can develop malignant tumors with high mortality.
Where is the HIV virus?
HIV is found in infected people's blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk, and wound exudate.
What are the routes of transmission of AIDS?
1. Sexual transmission: Unprotected sex between men and women can spread AIDS. The more sexual partners, the greater the risk of infection.
2. Blood transmission: AIDS can be transmitted by inputting blood that has not been tested for HIV antibodies, sharing syringes for drug use, and using various medical equipment that is not disinfected or disinfected poorly, and tools that can puncture the skin.
3. Mother-to-child transmission: Women infected with HIV can transmit the virus to their babies during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding.
What signals can occur when a person is infected with AIDS?
People infected with HIV who have not yet developed symptoms become carriers of HIV. They are no different from ordinary people. The development period from HIV infection to AIDS patients can range from 6 months to 10 years, or even longer.
If you have the following symptoms, you should go to a regular hospital for examination:
1. Frequent diarrhea and loss of appetite
Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits or groin
3. Tiredness and rapid weight loss
4, repeated fever and night sweats
5.Purple skin spots and white spots in the mouth
Under what circumstances will not be infected with AIDS?
Daily contact is not contagious (daily contact includes: bathing, swimming, coughing, sneezing, shaking hands, hugging, sharing phone, sharing coins, sharing tableware, sharing bedding, sharing toilet, working together, etc.)
HIV does not reproduce in mosquitoes. Mosquito bites do not spread.
How to prevent AIDS?
1. Cleanse yourself and refuse unsafe sex
2.Use condoms properly
3. Never share the syringe with others
4.Do not share toothbrushes, razors or other needling devices
5. Safe blood transfusion
6. Women with HIV avoid unwanted pregnancy
Can an HIV-infected mother give birth to a healthy baby?
You can have a healthy baby, but you need to get tested for HIV early in your pregnancy. If HIV infection is found, under the guidance of a doctor, standardized HIV treatment during pregnancy, obstetric interventions, timely standardized treatment and artificial feeding after birth can effectively prevent mother-to-child transmission of AIDS.
Feeding strategies for HIV- infected mothers
1. Feed your baby with formula
Avoid breastfeeding
3.Do not use mixed feeding under any circumstances
What are the benefits to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV?
1. All pregnant women can receive free HIV testing services once during pregnancy.
2. Pregnant women with AIDS infection and their babies can receive antiviral treatment at a rabbit fee. Pregnant women with AIDS infection can receive childbirth subsidies. Babies can receive early diagnosis and antibody testing services for AIDS infection free of charge. Receive subsidies for artificial feeding.
What is syphilis?
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum. It is highly contagious and can cause damage to a variety of organs. If syphilis is not treated in time, it is very likely to be transmitted to the fetus, even life-threatening.
What are the symptoms of syphilis?
Red nodules will appear at the contact site in the early stage; then symmetrical red skin rashes will appear in the whole body, which are more common in expulsion, limbs, and other parts; more than two years of infection, multiple organ damage can occur, and severe cases can be disabled or even endanger life. Children with congenital syphilis can experience damage to the skin, mucous membranes, eyes, bones, and nervous system. However, recessive syphilis infection has no symptoms and signs, and it needs to be detected as soon as possible to prevent mother-to-child transmission as soon as possible.
How is syphilis transmitted?
Syphilis is transmitted mainly through sexual, blood, and mother-to-child transmission.
How is syphilis detected?
Confirmation of syphilis requires serological testing at a regular hospital. Regular testing for polysexual partners, men who have sex with men, and drug abusers who share needles with others should be performed routinely by pregnant women to protect themselves and their children. Syphilis patients should inform their sexual partners to the hospital for testing as soon as possible.
How is syphilis treated?
Syphilis is curable, and long-acting penicillin is preferred. Patients with syphilis should go to regular hospitals for standard treatment as soon as possible, and regularly review and follow up with doctors after treatment. Pregnant women should be screened for syphilis as soon as possible: Pregnant women who have already suffered from syphilis should receive standardized treatment and perinatal care as soon as possible to prevent fetal infection from syphilis.
How to prevent syphilis?
1. Observe sexual ethics and maintain a single sexual partner
2.Use condoms properly
3. Refuse drugs and not share syringes with others
4. Promote syphilis testing before marriage, pre-pregnancy and early pregnancy. Once the infection is found to be treated in time, it can completely prevent the occurrence of congenital syphilis.
Can syphilis pregnant women have healthy babies?
can. Syphilis-infected women go to the hospital for testing and standardized treatment as soon as possible after pregnancy, and they will be reviewed regularly after treatment. Babies receive standardized preventive treatment at birth, and mother-to-child transmission of syphilis can be completely blocked.
Feeding strategies for syphilis-infected mothers
1.Can breastfeed
2. 2 courses of treatment during pregnancy, infants receive preventive treatment
3. As long as the breasts and nipples are not broken
What are the benefits for people to prevent mother-to-child transmission of syphilis?
All pregnant women can receive a free testing service during pregnancy. Maternal infections and babies born to syphilis can be treated free of charge, and they can receive childbirth subsidies.
What is hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV is a DNA virus that is highly resistant and can withstand disinfectants at 60 ° C, 4 hours, and normal concentrations. It can be inactivated by boiling for 10 minutes, 65 ° C for 10 hours, or high-pressure steam disinfection. It can be stored in serum at 30-32 ℃ for 6 months and at -20 ℃ for 15 years.
What are the routes of transmission of hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B virus enters human blood through damaged skin and mucous membranes, causing infection, and the main route of transmission
1 mother-to-child transmission 2 blood transmission 3 sexual transmission 4 digestive tract transmission
How to prevent mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B?
Infants born to women infected with hepatitis B virus should be injected with hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B immunoglobulin at the same time within 24 hours of birth. This is the most effective way to prevent mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B. Three shots are required for the entire vaccination:
1. At birth, give the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B immunoglobulin.
2. One month, a second dose of hepatitis B vaccine was given.
At 3 and 6 months, a third shot of the hepatitis B vaccine was given.
Feeding strategies for HBV infected mothers
1.Can breastfeed
2. As soon as possible after birth, your baby should be immunized with hepatitis B immunoglobulin + hepatitis B vaccine
3. Wash your hands before feeding and wipe your nipples
4, nipple cracks or infant mouth ulcers, pause breastfeeding
5.Isolation of children's and mother's supplies
6, infants from 7-12 months to detect hepatitis B antigen antibodies
What are the benefits for people to prevent mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B?
All pregnant women can receive a free hepatitis B surface antigen testing service during pregnancy, and babies born to pregnant women infected with hepatitis B virus can receive hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B immunoglobulin for free.
Prevent mother-to-child transmission of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B
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